Spa and Wellness

The mineral water with the highest temperature measured on the Balkan
Peninsula springs out as a geyser in the area of Sapareva Banya. The
Mihalkovo natural soda-water is the third most famous of its kind in the
world.

The natural thermal water springs in Bulgaria are some of the most sterling
and unique resources of the country and welcome the prosperity of tourism;
they are the “golden key“ to boosting the development of the hospitality
industry that will keep tourism flourishing. Over 800 hydro mineral springs
clustered in over 240 water formations, rich in hot and cold mineral water
with temperature varying in a wide range from 37° C up to 101° C, gush forth
and spout out of the bowels of the Earth from a depth of over 2000 meters.
In the uniqueness, variety and abundance of hydrothermal, bioclimatic, mud
treatment, sea cure, and other health resources, Bulgaria ranks among the
first in Europe. Specialists are unanimous that all kinds of known mineral
waters around the world find their counterpart in our country. Deposits of
high quality peat and healing mud have been found at many places in the
country.
The mineral water with the highest temperature measured on the Balkan
Peninsula springs out as a geyser in the area of Sapareva Banya. The
Mihalkovo natural soda-water is the third most famous of its kind in the
world. The healing spring waters with curative effect in the spa resort of
Merichleri, similar in quality to the mineral water springs in the famous
resort areas of Karlovi Vari and Vichy, were awarded a gold medal at the
International exhibition which took place in London in 1907. The up-to date
mud center in the sea town of Pomorie is the largest on the Balkan Peninsula
and is an incredible contribution to the development of domestic balneology
(hot spring spas and therapy).
Bulgaria’s health spas and hot mineral springs have been noted for their
restorative and recreative effects since the ancient Thracian, Greek and
Roman times. Ancient civilizations settled in these mineral spring areas a
long time ago. When establishing their dwellings on the Balkan Peninsula
in the 5th century BC, the Thracians, preferred to settle in these wholesome
and favorable unique lands with natural spring waters, following the old
traditions and making a cult of the natural sparkling curative thermal
waters. There are extremely good bio-climatic resources which, combined
with the existing ancient traditions in thermal water use, provide a base
of balneology development in the country of Bulgaria. In Thracian times,
flourishing settlements sprang up around the hot mineral springs. Later,
under the influence of the Greek mythology, nymphaeums were built where
the Thracians practiced religious and health rituals ending by tossing coins
in the mineral water areas “for health”.
The cultural and economic boom of these dwellings actually started after the
Romans conquered the Thracians in the year 46. In addition to conducting
health and religious rituals, for the next five-six centuries the nymphaeums
welcomed other activities such as hospitalisation. The “Asclepions“ – baths
with additional functions and curative health centres for hospitalisation of the
sick, were built and the largest of their kind was established in the ancient
Ulpia Pautalia (present Kyustendil) spreading over a territory of 3600 sq.m
and ranking second among the Asclepions in ancient Hellenic Epidavar.
Today enormous wealth of natural factors, combined with the country’s
modern hotels and spa facilities, provide excellent possibilities for the yearround
effective treatment of the most widespread diseases of our times and
truly make Bulgaria a country of health.
Evidences that the mineral springs and Roman baths were used in the
time of the first and second Bulgarian Kingdom have been found during
excavations near the villages of Merichleri, the baths in Stara Zagora area,
the village of Varshets, the baths of Sapareva Banya and Haskovo baths.